The museum collection is comprised of over 3,000 artifacts, including religious objects, militaria, paintings, works on paper, decorative art, books and documents. Most of the artifacts date from the second half of the 19th century to the present. Among these are a substantial number of objects that belonged to the Russian Imperial Family, many having been donated by members of the Romanov family: Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna, sister of Nicholas II; Princess Vera Konstantinovna; Prince Teimuraz Bagration-Mukhransky; and Tikhon Kulikovsky, son of Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna. An especially significant set of imperial provenance artifacts are the nearly ninety objects belonging to Tsar Nicholas II, members of his family, and their attendants that were collected as material evidence by investigator Nikolai Sokolov after the family’s murder in 1918 in Ekaterinburg. Along with these items the Foundation received over 600 pages of documents recovered by Sokolov, which relate to the Royal Family’s incarceration in Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg and include correspondence, clippings, invoices, receipts, photographs, and notebooks. Another significant collection includes objects related to Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich, grandson of Emperor Nicholas I. Other unique and rare items in the museum collection are the medals, orders, and banners of various anti-Bolshevik military forces from the time of the Russian Civil War.
Objects from the collection are frequently loaned to other museums in the US and abroad for temporary exhibitions. In recent years, artifacts from the museum have been on display in the Science Museum (London), Ikonenmuseum (Frankfurt), State Archive of the Russian Federation (Moscow), Manezh (Moscow), Peter and Paul Fortress (St. Petersburg), Hillwood Museum (Washington, DC), the Museum of Russian Icons (Clinton, MA), and the Museum of Russian Art (Minneapolis, MN).